Pandura – ancient Greek instrument with fretboard
This is a replica of a pandura (ancient Greek: πανδοῦρα), an ancient string instrument with a fretboard that was first observed in ancient Greek artwork around the 4th century B.C. It is also known as bandora, or bandore.
LUTHIEROS Pandura has 3 strings, along with a long neck with frets. It is a full-range chromatic scale string instrument, that can produce any note between D3 and G5 (i.e. two and a half octaves). The player holds the pandura horizontally with the neck of the instrument to his left, the left hand’s fingers pressing the strings on the frets, and the right hand plucking the strings or striking them with the “plectrum”.
Pandura is considered to be the direct predecessor of the contemporary instruments in the lute family. What’s more, the frets were possibly separated by movable leather cords so that the instrument would be used to produce the different genera of the ancient Greek music.
Historic Accuracy & Playability
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^ A muse is seated and plays a little string instrument called pandora (or bandora). Marble base, 330-320 B.C., found on the site of the ancient city of Mantineia (Greece). It is attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles. National Archaeological Museum of Athens, NAMA 215-217.
< A muse is seated and plays a little string instrument called pandora (or bandora). Marble base, 330-320 B.C., found on the site of the ancient city of Mantineia (Greece). It is attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles. National Archaeological Museum of Athens, NAMA 215-217.
Bringing Ancient Artifacts Back to Life
To handcraft premium ancient-replicas with a focus to the modern musician, you have to research a lot, analyze hundreds of ancient depictions, build a lot of prototypes, test them with great musicians, etc.
And all of these, to conclude to meaningful compromises that have to be made, that are both deeply justified and make sense in terms of usability/playability. All in all, our ultimate goal is to serve the modern musician, and to bring ancient artifacts back to life as fully functional musical instruments.
Manufactured at the premises of the ancient Europos (Northern Greece) by a family of musicians and luthiers, LUTHIEROS Pandura is made exclusively using natural materials available during antiquity. All parts are made of quality wood with great musicality, while the tuning pegs are made of ebony and mulberry wood.
This ancient artifact evolved to become a modern musical instrument ready to be used by both amateur and professional musicians. For all the minor (but very important) alterations, top-notch technologies were used during the prototyping phase (such as 3d Modeling and rapid prototyping) as part of University-based research by members of the LUTHIEROS family. Key collaborations include the International Hellenic University and the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
Maas, M. & McIntosh Snyder, J. (1989). Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece, New Haven.
Richter, G. M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 102, 244, pl. 84a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Various authors (2012). Greek Musical Instruments: Research in visual and written sources (2000 B.C. - 2000 A.D.), Teloglion Foundation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
West, M.L. (1992). Ancient Greek Music, Clarendon Press.
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"All of these beautiful lyres, lovingly hand-crafted by Luthieros are indeed, divine artifacts, reintroduced into the modern world… " - Michael Levy, a world-renowned lyre player. Read his extended review here.
"Electric guitars are very often provided with vibrato, tremolo or whammy bars. That concept was in fact invented by the ancient Greeks twenty four hundred years ago. Kithara was a musical instrument very popular during the Golden Age of Ancient Greece. This is a reproduction that was made by the Greek master luthier Anastasios Koumartizis of Luthieros Music Instruments." - Peter Pringle, a professional Canadian musician, and well-known ancient instruments player. Watch his extended video review here.
"Can't be happier with my lyre! Learning how to play this amazing piece of art! The lyre has amazing finishes and you can feel it's made with love and skilfull hands." - Jaume Gual Bennàssar, Balearic Islands, Spain (verified review through Etsy.com).
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"It’s handcrafted with such care and the materials are fine and well chosen. It arrived to us safely all the way from Greece and we were able to track it all the way so we always knew what was happening." - Rachel Loeb, Los Angeles, U.S.A. (verified review through Etsy.com).
"Amazing company! I was very skeptical about ordering an instrument online but it was packaged very safely and arrived in such a timely manner! Luthieros also has some of the best communication skills I've ever encountered with a company, I had many questions that were all answered with great detail shortly after I asked them." - Batherus Batherus, New York, U.S.A. (verified review through Etsy.com).
"The Koumartzis familia have been making replicas of ancient Greek instruments for many years, used by famous lyre players. They also contribute to their musical passions through research and collaborations." - Ancient History Encyclopedia. Read the extended tribute here.
"My ancient Kithara, handcrafted by Luthieros Music Instruments, is for me a very interesting challenge. As an instrument is both old and new. It carries a history of many centuries and at the same time_ it is a very modern challenge that requires a creative approach to musical archetypes. After many experiments […] I discover that this instrument has but many extensions and features that are not noticeable at first glance. The construction is both sturdy and thin, and made of quality woods, which are eclectic, stylish and durable." - Ross Daly, a professional world musician of Irish descent.
"Absolutely fantastic! A truly wonderfully crafted instrument. I can’t put it down. It feels wonderful to play and is transporting me back in time." - Sarah Tilsley, West Sussex, U.K. (verified review through Etsy.com).
Pandura – ancient Greek instrument with fretboard