Pandura – ancient Greek instrument with fretboard
This is a replica of a pandura (ancient Greek: πανδοῦρα), an ancient string instrument with a fretboard that was first observed in ancient Greek artwork around the 4th century B.C. It is also known as bandora, or bandore.
LUTHIEROS Pandura has 3 strings, along with a long neck with frets. It is a full range chromatic scale string instrument, that can produce any note between D3 and G5 (i.e. two and a half octaves)! The player holds the pandura horizontally with the neck of the instrument to his left, the left-hand’s fingers pressing the strings on the frets and the right hand plucking the strings or struck them with the “plectrum”.
Pandura is considered to be the direct predecessor of the contemporary instruments in the lute family. Whatsmore, the frets were possibly separated by movable leather cords so that the instrument would be used to produce the different genera of the ancient Greek music.
Endorsed by the Best
Great performers using LUTHIEROS Pandura
^ Marios Podaras with a LUTHIEROS Pandura plays "Ay Giz", an old folk song.
v Nikolaos Koumartzis playing a LUTHIEROS Pandura, as part of the Star Wars theme song video clip.
Historic Accuracy & Playability
It's not a battle. It's about finding the right balance.
^ A muse is seated and plays a little string instrument called pandora (or bandora). Marble base, 330-320 B.C., found on the site of the ancient city of Mantineia (Greece). It is attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles. National Archaeological Museum of Athens, NAMA 215-217.
< A muse is seated and plays a little string instrument called pandora (or bandora). Marble base, 330-320 B.C., found on the site of the ancient city of Mantineia (Greece). It is attributed to the sculptor Praxiteles. National Archaeological Museum of Athens, NAMA 215-217.
Bringing Ancient Artifacts Back to Life
To handcraft premium ancient-replicas with a focus to the modern musician, you have to research a lot, analyze hundreds of ancient depictions, build a lot of prototypes, test them with great musicians, etc.
And all of these, to conclude to meaningful compromises that have to be made, that are both deeply justified and make sense in terms of usability/playability. All in all, our ultimate goal is to serve the modern musician, and to bring ancient artifacts back to life as fully functional musical instruments.
Manufactured at the premises of the ancient Europos (Northern Greece) by a family of musicians and luthiers, LUTHIEROS Pandura is made exclusively using natural materials available during the antiquity. All parts are made of quality wood with great musicality, the soundbox is a reproduction of an actual tortoiseshell, while the tuning pegs are made by ebony and mulberry wood. The bottom part of the strings is attached to animal skin, while the plectrum is manufactured by wood.
This ancient artifact was evolved to become a modern musical instrument ready to be used by both amateur and professional musicians. For all the minor (but very important) alterations, top-notch technologies were used during the prototyping phase (such as 3d Modeling and rapid prototyping) as part of University-based research by members of LUTHIEROS family. Key collaborations include the International Hellenic University and the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
Maas, M. & McIntosh Snyder, J. (1989). Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece, New Haven.
Richter, G. M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 102, 244, pl. 84a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Various authors (2012). Greek Musical Instruments: Research in visual and written sources (2000 B.C. - 2000 A.D.), Teloglion Foundation, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
West, M.L. (1992). Ancient Greek Music, Clarendon Press.
Our research is featured in major media:
With Each Order You Will Receive
Tuning and maintenance guide
Every instrument handcrafted by LUTHIEROS is shipped with sugarcane strings, mindfully sanctioned to match the needs of our ancient-inspired musical instruments by the world-renowned “Aquila Corde Armoniche.” We choose sugarcane strings as a default due to their soothing sound, and durability.
Additionally, you can order our Premium Gut Strings here, explicitly produced for LUTHIEROS musical instruments in collaboration with top string manufacturers around Europe.
A pack of extras
Including a wooden plectrum, along with extra small gifts to say "thank you" for making our family's dream possible!
40+ ancient melodies
A book with 40+ ancient melodies that survives to this day, plus all the different ancient Greek modes according to Aristoxenus: Mixolydian, Phrygian, Dorian, etc. Find out what modes were used during the antiquity for evoking specific feelings such as sorrow, happiness, bravery, etc.
Ancient music album
A music album featuring some of the most talented performers around the world, with authentic ancient melodies and modern compositions.
Someone you can trust
We love what we do, and we deeply care about our musicians.
It's about time to experience our top-notch customer care.
"All of these beautiful lyres, lovingly hand-crafted by Luthieros are indeed, divine artifacts, reintroduced into the modern world… " - Michael Levy, a world-renowned lyre player. Read his extended review here.
"Electric guitars are very often provided with vibrato, tremolo or whammy bars. That concept was in fact invented by the ancient Greeks twenty four hundred years ago. Kithara was a musical instrument very popular during the Golden Age of Ancient Greece. This is a reproduction that was made by the Greek master luthier Anastasios Koumartizis of Luthieros Music Instruments." - Peter Pringle, a professional Canadian musician, and well-known ancient instruments player. Watch his extended video review here.
"Can't be happier with my lyre! Learning how to play this amazing piece of art! The lyre has amazing finishes and you can feel it's made with love and skilfull hands." - Jaume Gual Bennàssar, Balearic Islands, Spain (verified review through Etsy.com).
Our family is world-renowned for its dedication, love and care. Here are some amazing reviews concerning our whole product range!
"It’s handcrafted with such care and the materials are fine and well chosen. It arrived to us safely all the way from Greece and we were able to track it all the way so we always knew what was happening." - Rachel Loeb, Los Angeles, U.S.A. (verified review through Etsy.com).
"Amazing company! I was very skeptical about ordering an instrument online but it was packaged very safely and arrived in such a timely manner! Luthieros also has some of the best communication skills I've ever encountered with a company, I had many questions that were all answered with great detail shortly after I asked them." - Batherus Batherus, New York, U.S.A. (verified review through Etsy.com).
"The Koumartzis familia have been making replicas of ancient Greek instruments for many years, used by famous lyre players. They also contribute to their musical passions through research and collaborations." - Ancient History Encyclopedia. Read the extended tribute here.
"My ancient Kithara, handcrafted by Luthieros Music Instruments, is for me a very interesting challenge. As an instrument is both old and new. It carries a history of many centuries and at the same time_ it is a very modern challenge that requires a creative approach to musical archetypes. After many experiments […] I discover that this instrument has but many extensions and features that are not noticeable at first glance. The construction is both sturdy and thin, and made of quality woods, which are eclectic, stylish and durable." - Ross Daly, a professional world musician of Irish descent.
"Absolutely fantastic! A truly wonderfully crafted instrument. I can’t put it down. It feels wonderful to play and is transporting me back in time." - Sarah Tilsley, West Sussex, U.K. (verified review through Etsy.com).
Add a premium case
Masterfully handcrafted with love!
Natural wood for the case, along with durable foam for top-notch protection.
A must-have item
These top-quality handcrafted wooden cases will protect your musical instrument against any small or moderate impact or humidity (by far the most common causes of instruments' malfunctions)!
Designed specifically for each instrument
You will not get another mass-produced case! Each one of our wooden cases is crafted from scratch to meet the dimensions of your new musical instrument.
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Pandura – ancient Greek instrument with fretboard